When applying for approval of its electoral candidacy to the Portuguese Constitutional Court ([o] Tribunal Constitucional), political parties are asked to provide certain symbols that can make them recognizable to the general population. Of those, their acronyms and party symbols are the most important, since they serve as spoken/written and visual ways, respectively, that allow them to establish a special identity with voters – especially in multiparty democracy where the number of parties is numerous.
Portuguese calls initialisms (“) [as] siglas (sing. [a] sigla), with true acronyms (which form vowels) being called [os] acrónimos (sing. [o] acrónimo). In common parlance, all are called siglas, the rule of least effort working again in favor of the shortest possible word!
Here is a list of Portuguese political parties, their acronyms, and the ways people usually refer to them in daily life.
- BE – [o] Bloco de Esquerda (Left Bloc, ); referred to by its name or simply “[o] Bloco”; the actual initialism BE is only used in print, never spoken out loud;
- PCP – [o] Partido Comunista Português (Portuguese Communist Party); initialisms “PC” (pê-cê, less formal), “PCP” (pê-cê-pê), “Partido Comunista”, “[os] comunistas”)
- PEV – Partido Ecologista “Os Verdes” (Ecologist Party “The Greens”); acronym “PEV” (Pé-ve); “Os Verdes”
- PAN – Pessoas, Animais, Natureza (People, Animals, Nature); acronym “PAN” (
- PS – Partido Socialista (Socialist Party); initialism “PS” (pê-ésse); “Partido Socialista”, “[os] socialistas”
- PSD – Partido Social Democrata (Social Democratic Party); initialism “PSD” (pê-ésse-dê); “[os sociais-democratas]”.
- CDS-PP – Centro Democrático Social-Partido Popular (Social Democratic Center – Popular Party); initialisms “CDS-PP” (cê-dê-ésse pê-pê); “CDS”, “PP”; “os democratas-cristãos” (Christian democrats), “os populares”
These are the seven political parties currently represented in the Portuguese parliament, The Assembly of the Republic – A Assembleia da República, in Portuguese.